Alcohol rehab is a comprehensive addiction treatment program that helps people with a physical dependence on alcohol recover from the addiction and maintain sobriety for long-term recovery.
Alcohol rehab can take place at a residential rehab center or through an outpatient program and always starts with medical detox. During medical detox, alcohol is withheld from the body to help brain function return to normal. Because withdrawal symptoms set in when alcohol use is discontinued, medications are used to treat these symptoms, which typically include intense cravings.
The second phase of alcohol rehab is treatment, which utilizes various alternative and traditional treatment therapies to address the highly complex psychological issues behind the addiction.
The last phase of alcohol rehab is the aftercare plan, which is set in place to help patients transition from treatment to “real” life and offers programs that help prevent lapses, which can lead to a relapse of the addiction. Call Alcohol Treatment Centers Trenton at 609-770-6140 for more information about our programs and services.
Abuse and addiction aren’t the same thing, although these terms are often used interchangeably. Alcohol abuse is typically characterized by binge drinking, which is the act of drinking enough over a two-hour period to bring the blood alcohol content up to the legal limit of .08 percent. Blacking out is a common sign of abuse and causes memory lapses of events that occurred while under the influence.
While people who abuse alcohol are generally able to maintain control over their drinking, people who are addicted to alcohol have lost control over the amount they drink and the frequency with which they drink alcohol.
Signs and symptoms of alcohol addiction include:
While alcohol initially increases the effects of the feel-good neurotransmitter GABA, intense abuse will soon suppress the activity of GABA so that more alcohol is needed to feel the effects. This is known as building up a tolerance. At the same time, severe alcohol abuse suppresses the activity of the neurotransmitter glutamate, which is responsible for producing feelings of excitement.
As a result, GABA activity is reduced, and the glutamate system compensates for its suppression by operating at a far higher level than normal. When alcohol is suddenly withheld, the suppressed neurotransmitters rebound in spades, causing hyper-excitability. This produces symptoms of withdrawal that have the exact opposite effects of alcohol.
The symptoms of alcohol withdrawal usually occur in a predictable pattern, but not all patients will experience the onset of all of the symptoms. Additionally, the symptoms may be very mild or they may be extremely intense and even life-threatening.
Minor symptoms usually set in around 6 to 12 hours after the last drink and include mild anxiety, shaky hands, profuse sweating, headaches, nausea, and vomiting.
Hallucinations may occur around 12 to 24 hours after the last drink and usually end within 48 hours after quitting. Hallucinations may be auditory, visual, or tactile, but patients generally understand that they’re not real.
Delirium tremens, or DTs, may set in between 48 and 72 hours after the last drink. This is a serious condition that can be highly dangerous or even fatal and is characterized by very real hallucinations, seizures, disorientation, severe anxiety and agitation, and high blood pressure and heart rate. DTs usually peak around five days after quitting drinking.
To get help for your alcohol addictions, call the treatment experts at Alcohol Treatment Centers Trenton at 609-770-6140 today.
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